Reasons for Tooth Extraction
While you need your teeth, keeping them healthy can be difficult with an overcrowded mouth. Teeth can be chipped or be damaged from decay. Ignoring any damage to a tooth can cause an infection in the tooth’s root or in the gums. There are several reasons to remove a tooth:
- Overcrowding - Getting your teeth straightened is a great way to keep your teeth healthy, but an overcrowded mouth may prevent your teeth from being aligned. Dentists may pull teeth so that there is room to straighten your teeth.
- Infection/Damage - Bacteria cause a lot of problems in your mouth, tooth decay is one of those issues. If decay spreads to the soft tissue inside the tooth it can affect your blood vessels. If this problem persists a root canal may also be an option.
- Gum Disease - Gum disease starts as Gingivitis, a mild form of Periodontal Disease. The gums help to support teeth, gum disease may shrink the gums around your teeth and cause them to loosen. If your tooth is loose it may be best to pull the tooth.
What is a Tooth Extraction Like?
Tooth extraction is a surgical process, the area of the extraction will be numbed prior to the extraction. In some cases a dentist will put you to sleep to perform the procedure. After having your tooth pulled a gap or socket in your gums will be left. Bleeding is normal for the first few hours and you can soak blood up with gauze. A blood clot will begin to form and it is important it is left alone to form and stop the bleeding in your socket.
If disturbed a blood clot may break, causing your bone to be exposed through the socket. This is referred to as dry socket. Symptoms of dry socket include:
- Severe pain that persists after an extraction
- Loss of the blood clot in the socket
- Bone is visible through the socket
- Bad taste in your mouth accompanied by persistent bad breath
If you are experiencing an unusual amount of pain or discomfort days after your tooth extraction, contact your dentist immediately.
Is Wisdom Tooth Extraction Different?
Extracting wisdom teeth can often be the same process as a regular tooth extraction, however, wisdom teeth are the last molars to grow in which may cause more issues in your mouth. Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars to grow in around the ages of 17 to 25. Some people may have no or only a few wisdom teeth. For people that have all four wisdom teeth there may be more complications such as an impacted tooth.
What is an Impacted Tooth?
An impacted tooth is a tooth that grows at an angle towards other teeth, back of the mouth or may grow at a right angle to the rest of your teeth. An impacted wisdom tooth is a common reason to have a wisdom tooth taken out. Impacted teeth can cause more issues and affect the area surrounding the impaction. Some issues an impact tooth may cause are:
- Pain in an area around impaction
- Infection or gum disease
- Tooth decay
- Damage to bone
- Trapped food and debris - may cause an infection
Wisdom teeth can commonly be impacted, however even if they grow in without an issue they may still be removed due to difficulty to clean.
Other Surgical Procedures
- Routine & Surgical Extractions
- Removal of Wisdom Teeth
- Crown Lengthening
- Surgical Bone Shaping & Grafting